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Common Mushroom Extracts and Their Benefits

Author: XMtongxue

Sep. 23, 2022

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Tags: Health & Medical

Humans have been using mushroom extracts for centuries. Ancient China also used mushrooms, including Ganoderma lucidum fungi, for tonic purposes and reserved for royal use. Although people have been taking mushrooms for thousands of years for various benefits, the modern practice of extracting beneficial compounds from the plant began in 1928. Let's take a look at some common mushroom extracts and their benefits.


Ganoderma lucidum

Reishi, also known as Lingzhi or red ganoderma lucidum, is soft and flat. Reishi has been used in Chinese practice for over 2000 years. The Reishi mushroom is one of the oldest mushrooms known to have been used, and hundreds of early Chinese texts refer to the red reishi as the "mushroom of immortality". Red Reishi mushroom extracts have been studied for years and have been found to have a variety of so-called Red Reishi benefits, from cognitive support to promoting immune system function.    
Reishi mushroom studies have shown that the benefits of red reishi can be attributed to several compounds. One of these is reishi acid. Reishi mushrooms synthesize reishi acid, which has a molecular structure similar to steroids. Other compounds include polysaccharides such as coumarins, mannitol, alkaloids, and of course beta-glucan.


Common Mushroom Extracts and Their Benefits


Chaga Mushroom

Chaga mushrooms produce a wood-like growth called conk that grows on birch trees around the world, including Korea, Russia and the northern United States. chaga conk is dark in color and resembles the appearance of charred wood.    
For centuries, birch conk has been used in folk remedies in Northern Europe and Russia, and research has shown that birch conk can provide a variety of health benefits, including support for our immune system. This could explain the widespread traditional practice of using Chaga for immune health. What also makes birch mushrooms interesting is that they are rich in essential nutrients such as vitamin D, fiber, potassium, calcium, magnesium and manganese. chaga extracts have also been shown to scavenge free radicals. We believe that birch mushrooms are another underrated but versatile mushroom.


Common Mushroom Extracts and Their Benefits


Cordyceps

Cordyceps comes from the Greek word kordyle, which describes the elongated shape of the substratum. The two most common species used today are Cordyceps and Chrysanthemum.    
In China, Cordyceps is highly prized. In fact, Cordyceps mushrooms contain a variety of phytonutrients, or plant compounds, that may have some effect on human health or the body. One of the phytonutrients required in Cordyceps is cordycepin, the main chemical constituent in Chrysanthemum, a powerful compound with a wide range of potentially beneficial properties.    
Cordycepin is a derivative of nucleoside adenosine and can be involved in a number of similar biochemical processes and increase ATP levels. Cordyceps also contains beta-glucan polysaccharides, which are known for their immune system-promoting benefits.


Common Mushroom Extracts and Their Benefits


Lion's Mane Mushroom

The Lion's Mane mushroom belongs to the "tooth mushroom" group and is sometimes referred to as the bearded tooth mushroom, hedgehog mushroom or bearded tooth mushroom. Lion's Mane mushrooms grow naturally on hardwoods and can be found in the densely wooded forests of Europe, North America and Asia. Known scientifically as the Monkey's Head Mushroom, the Lion's Mane Mushroom was once a prized mushroom used by the Chinese royal family. Today, Lion's Mane mushrooms are often used as a substitute for lamb or pork in Chinese vegetarian dishes.    
Studies of lion's mane extracts have shown that the lion's mane mushroom is rich in a variety of polysaccharides. Several studies have even found that oral consumption of Lion's Mane mushrooms can promote cognitive function, which alone makes Lion's Mane a very popular mushroom in the educational community and one of the most popular educational mushroom extracts on the market.


Common Mushroom Extracts and Their Benefits


Shiitake Mushroom

You may know shiitake mushrooms as a flavorful and delicious food, but they have an interesting history spanning thousands of years and are known for their unique benefits. Unlike most mushrooms, many people find shiitake mushrooms to be delicious and tasty. In the past few years, various studies have been conducted to discover the benefits of shiitake mushrooms. some studies in Japan in the 1970s found that shiitake polysaccharides may help promote a sense of well-being, support immune system function and support cellular health.    
Another very unique property of the shiitake mushroom is that it has also been extensively studied for its benefits on oral health. While the results of these trials support the claims of traditional Chinese practices, modern research on the benefits of shiitake mushrooms is still ongoing.


Common Mushroom Extracts and Their Benefits

 

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